A Schengen visa allows free movement to the applicant within the Schengen Zone. There are some restrictions on the operations of applicants within the Schengen Zone based on the purpose of their travel and on the type of Schengen visa that they have been issued.
There are 3 different types of visa available:
• Uniform Schengen Visas (USV)
• Limited Territorial Validity Visas (LTV)
• National Visas
Uniform Schengen Visas (USV)
Applicants who got Uniform Schengen Visa were permitted to travel or reside in any country that is part of the Schengen Area. Moreover, applicants applied for this type of visa allowed only to travel or reside within the Schengen Area for a maximum duration of 90 days for every 6 months starting from the date the applicant arrived or entered the Schengen zone.
USV’s apply to three different categories:
• Airport Transit Visa — This visa is for individuals those are traveling from one non-Schengen country to another through a Schengen country airport
• Transit Visa — This visa allows applicants to travel through multiple Schengen countries to a non-Schengen country by car, coach, or plane, as long as travel lasts no more than 5 days
• Short-term Visa — This visa is provided for single entry, double entry, or multiple entries, depending on the purpose of your travel
Limited Territorial Validity (LTV) Visa
Limited Territorial Validity (LTV) Visas allows the applicants to travel only within the Schengen country that has been issued the visa or in the countries that applicant has specified while applying for the visa. This type of visa is generally only issued only in those cases where international obligations or humanitarian reasons are specified.
Applicants who are studying, working or residing permanently in a Schengen Area country issued National Visa. These visas are valid for those residing in a specific country for a specified period of time, but you may also get a multi-entry visa to travel to other countries in the Schengen Area.